Archive for AVS Journal – Page 2

The Application of Audio-Visual Entrainment for the Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder

The Application of Audio-Visual Entrainment for the Treatment of
Seasonal Affective Disorder: Part 4
By Dave Siever
The pre-test BDI score for both groups was 20.1. A score above nine indicates at least mild
depression. Depression within the CG increased by 28% to a score of 26.1. A reduction in depression
for 36% of the participants was observed in the TG during the placebo condition and
during actual treatment (the beta AVE group) 100% of the participants had reduced depression
(BDI = 7.3, p<0.001), as shown in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Comparison of BDI Scores Between Controls, Placebo & Treatment Groups
Of these, 84% became clinically non-depressed. The AVE male population anxiety sensitivity
(AS) decreased significantly from 21% to 60% (p<0.001) from post to post-post, respectively
while the control male population had a 7% increase in AS. The AVE female population
showed decreased AS, from 15% to 34% (p<0.001) from post to post-post respectively, while
the control group showed a mild reduction of 6%.

Figure 2. Comparison of ASI Scores Between Pre, Post and Post-Post Results.
Daily diary results (Figure 3) indicated marked improvements. Positive moods improved by
20%. Sociability at home with the family and at work improved by 22% and 40% respectively.
Figure 3. Comparison of Measures From Pre to Post-Post Conditions.
As shown in Figure 4, AVE participants’ food intake changed; over-eating decreased by
18%, appetite decreased by 12%, and carbohydrate intake decreased by 15%. The participants
also reported happiness with their increased energy (avg. increase of 18%).

Figure 4. Comparison of Pre and Post-Post Measures.
The daily diary results also showed that by using AVE, some participants lost considerable
weight. A group of 12 participants (8 females and 4 males) reported that their average weight
gain during the winter months was 15 pounds. During the placebo condition, they had an aver
age weight loss of 3 pounds (1.36 Kg) plus an additional average weight loss of 6.5 pounds (4.3
Kg) during the two-week treatment condition.
White light AVE at 20 Hz produced significant results. Although sub-delta frequencies are
non-effective at generating entrainment, sub-delta frequencies can affect both dissociative mind
states and cerebral blood flow (Fox & Raichle, 1985). In addition, the “placebo effect” could
also explain the sub-delta significance. The “placebo effect” has been shown to reduce anxiety,
increase endorphin production, conditioning, and expectancy (Godfroid, 1998). Being that inadequate
light elicits depression in SAD sufferers, the “placebo effect” via photic stimulation is
The AVE Group’s depression decreased while the Control Group’s depression increased.
Sensitivity to anxiety decreased in both male and female AVE groups. Although the female
control participants had decreased sensitivity to anxiety, the female AVE population showed
significance between the 1 Hz and 20 Hz stimulation.
Most control group participants claimed that they gained weight whereas an additional benefit
of AVE is weight loss. One participant claimed that, “after using the 20 Hz session for 2
weeks, the taste of sweets in my mouth was repulsive.” Follow-up reports indicate participants’
SAD symptoms returned within an average of 2 weeks after discontinuing use of the DAVID
AVE device.
delightproAllen, J., Locono, W., Depue, R., & Arbisi, P. (1993). Regional encephalographic asymmetries
in bipolar seasonal affective disorder before and after exposure to bright light. Biological Psychiatry,
33, 642-646.
Cajochen, C., Brunner, D., Krauchi, K., Graw, P., & Wirz-Justice, A. (2000) EEG and subjective
sleepiness during extended wakefulness in seasonal affective disorder: circadian and homeostatic
influences. Biological Psychiatry. 47, (7), 610-617.
Cohen, R., Gross, M., Nordahl, T., Semple, W., Oren, D., & Rosenthal, N. (1992). Preliminary
data on the metabolic brain pattern of patients with winter seasonal affective disorder. Archives
of General Psychiatry, 49, 545-552.
Fox, P., & Raichle, M. (1985) Stimulus rate determines regional blood flow in striate cortex.
Annals of Neurology, 17, (3), 303-305.
Godfroid, I.O. (1998). [Placebo II. Psychiagenia and the brain organization. Annales Medico-
Psychologiques [French], 152 (2), 108-114.
Lam, R.W. (1999). Information about seasonal affective disorder (SAD). University of British
Columbia/VHHSC Mood Disorder Clinic. Retrieved on
Murphy, D.G., Murphy, D.M., Abbas, M., Palazidou, B., Binnie, C., Arendt, J., Campos Costa,
D., & Checkley, S. (1993). Seasonal affective disorder: response to light as measured by electroencephalogram,
melatonin suppression and cerebral blood flow. British Journal of Psychiatry,
163, 327-331.

Rosenthal, N.E. (1993). Winter blues: What it is and how to overcome it. New York: Guildford
Siever, D. (2003). AVE session protocol guide for professionals. Available from Mind Alive
Inc., Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
Teicher, M., Glod, K., Ito, Y. (1996) Hemispheric asymmetry of EEG and T2 relaxation time in
seasonal affective disorder (SAD) pre and post-light therapy. In: SLTBR: Abstracts of the Annual
Meeting of the Society for Light Treatment and Biological Rhythms. p. 9.
Terman, M., Terman, J., Quitkin, F., McGrath, P., Stewart, J., & Rafferty, B. (1989) Light therapy
for seasonal affective disorder: a review of efficacy. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2, 1-22.
Terman, J., Terman, M., Schlager, D., Rafferty, B., Rosofsky, M., Link, M., Gallin, P., & Quitkin,
F. (1990) Identification, assessment, and treatment of seasonality in mood disorders. Psychopharmacology
Bulletin, 26, 1, 3-11.
Volf, N., & Passynkova, N. (2002). EEG mapping in seasonal affective disorder. Journal of Affective
Disorders, 72, 61-69.
Wright, K. (September, 2002). Times of our lives. Scientific American, 287 (3), 59-65.

AVSJ '05 cover

Copyright: Dave Siever (2013) CA. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.

The Application of Audio-Visual Entrainment for the Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder

The Application of Audio-Visual Entrainment for the Treatment of
Seasonal Affective Disorder: Part 3
By Dave Siever
delightproA number of coping techniques are used to reduce the symptoms of SAD. These include
long walks outside, aerobic exercise, a diet rich in complex carbohydrates or “carbs” and protein
diets, relocating to sunnier locations, winter vacations to tropical areas, and frequenting
sun-tanning centres. Light based clinical interventions include light box therapy and audiovisual
“Light box” therapy has been used to reduce the symptoms of SAD in 60% to 80% of SAD
patients (Lam, 1999). White light therapy, using intensities of 2,500 lux, requires exposure
times from 2 to 6 hours, a considerable behavioral investment for the user (Terman, et. al.,
1989). Light exposures in the intensity of 10,000 lux for 30 minute exposures has been found to
be more effective than 2,500 lux intensity with exposure times of several hours (Terman,,
1990). Some people have reported that over-use of light therapy can leave them feeling “wired”
and restless (Rosenthal, 1993).
Audio-Visual Entrainment (AVE) using flashing lights and pulsing tones has been shown to
enhance EEG activity at the stimulation frequency, however, a lesser known attribute of AVE
lies in its inhibition effect at roughly the half-frequency of stimulation (Siever, 2003). In
QEEGs (brain maps) collected at our office of those with SAD, we have observed long spindles
of 10 Hz alpha brain wave activity, globally, with particularly increased activity in the left frontal
regions, consistent with Allen’s findings. In light of these findings, we had chosen to utilize
20 Hz AVE as a treatment modality for SAD.

SAD Study Using Audio-Visual Entrainment
The Digital Audio-Visual Integration Device (DAVID) Paradise by Comptronic Devices
Limited (now Mind Alive Inc.) was used in a 4-week randomized study of 74 SAD sufferers

(52 females and 22 males, avg. age = 38.5 years) to reduce the symptoms of SAD through the
application of AVE. The participants were screened according to the DSM-IV, SAD requirements.
The study accepted participants from Edmonton, Alberta at roughly 53.5 northern latitude
from November 1998 to March 1999.
The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI) were used
for the pre-test, post-test (placebo), and the post-post-test (treatment) results. A daily diary was
maintained to record total sleep time, sociability at work and with the family, eating, appetite
and carbohydrate intake, cravings, energy and body weight.
The participants were divided into two groups: a Control Group (CG) that did not receive the
DAVID AVE unit and the Treatment Group (TG) that received “placebo” and treatment sessions.
The Treatment Group received sub-delta (placebo) frequencies of 1 Hz for 2 weeks followed
by beta frequencies (treatment sessions) of 20 Hz for 2 weeks. Fifty-eight treatment participants
and 16 control participants finished the study. Paired t-tests were used in the within
group measurements, and the analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used in the between group

AVSJ '05 cover

Copyright: Dave Siever (2013) CA. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.

The Application of Audio-Visual Entrainment for the Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder

The Application of Audio-Visual Entrainment for the Treatment of
Seasonal Affective Disorder: Part 2

By Dave Siever


The Captain and Pineal
delightproAll species studied to date, from single-celled organisms to humans, have been observed to
have a biological clock. This clock is essential for survival, regulating various types and levels
of arousal to provide cues for alertness, eating, sleep and the release of hormones. Light waves
striking the retina activate electrical output that is sent down the optic nerve to the brain for visual
processing. A secondary, smaller nerve tract from the retina, originating from specialized
cells that utilize a light detecting pigment called melanopsin, also carries signals to the suprachiasmic
nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus. The SCN in turn sends nervous outputs to
various parts of the brain including the pineal gland. Four genes that govern circadian cycles in
flies, mice and humans have been discovered that not only reside within the SCN, but in all
cells of the body. When cultured in a petri dish under constant lighting, these cells continue
with gene activity, hormone secretion and energy production in a 24-hour cycle that varies less
than 1% (Wright, 2002).
In the mid 70s, Dr. Alfred Lewy of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) discovered
the neurotransmitter melatonin. The wake/sleep cycle in animals and humans is controlled
by melatonin, which is produced by the pineal gland, a structure the size of a pea and located in
the mid-brain. Every night, the pineal gland excretes melatonin into the bloodstream and continues
to do so until dawn. However, under normal exposure to sunlight, secretions of melatonin
follow the Earth’s light/dark time frame and therefore more melatonin is typically released during
the long dark hours of the winter months. Henceforth, the pineal gland is in charge or
“captains” our wake/sleep arousal states.
Knowing if We Have SAD
Although most anxiety and depression inventories could be used to detect SAD, one popular
SAD test is the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionaire or SPAQ, developed by Rosenthal
and his colleagues at the NIMH. The SPAQ is a self-assessment questionnaire that evaluates
one’s level of SAD from four basic categories:
1) Pattern of Seasonality.
2) Degree of Seasonality.
3) The degree that seasonal changes are a problem for you.
4) Evaluating other related information.
SAD and Brain Function
Few PET or SPECT studies of brain metabolism in SAD persons have emerged and they are

inconsistent in results. Both Cohen, et al’s, (1992) positron emission tomography (PET) study
and a single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) study by Murphy, et al.
(1993) were inconsistent in results. The results of electroencephalographic (EEG) studies are
also inconsistent and involve few electrode sites (Volf & Passynkova, 2002). One such study
suggests increased left frontal alpha activity as compared to the right (Allen, et al., 1993), which
is consistent with common understandings of depression. Another found all activity except alpha
was higher in the left posterior region (Teicher, et al., 1996) while another study showed
increased theta-alpha at C3 (Cajochen et al., 1996). Volf sought to finally put the debate to rest
by comparing 16 site QEEGs of 31 depressed SAD patients against those of controls.

technical issues (a digital filtering concern of aliasing error, possibly invalidating all data, arises
within the study), he found asymmetries of delta, theta and alpha involving heightened EEG activity
in the right parietal and temporal regions. An asymmetry of heightened beta EEG occurred
in lateral frontal regions (F7 & F8).

AVSJ '05 cover

Copyright: Dave Siever (2013) CA. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.

The Application of Audio-Visual Entrainment for the Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder

The Application of Audio-Visual Entrainment for the Treatment of
Seasonal Affective Disorder
By Dave Siever
Abstract: Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) strikes all people from all
nations, not just those near the poles of the earth as might be thought. The
treatment of SAD has traditionally involved the use of anti-depressants,
and more recently, light box therapy. Audio-Visual Entrainment (AVE)
has also been shown to be beneficial in the treatment of this genetically
based affective disorder and its related anxious/depressive/dietary conditions.


delightproEach year, 6% of northern populations are affected with Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) and another 14% have a milder form of SAD, called the winter blues. Surprisingly, SAD may occur at any time of year and in equatorial regions although the ratio of northerners with SAD as compared to those living in the tropics is about 10-1. People in the southern USA experience SAD in the summer from staying indoors where air conditioning allows them to escape the unbearable summer heat. People have also experienced SAD moving into a basement suite or an office on the north side of a building or after painting the interior of their home a darker shade of color. People have experienced SAD following the development of cataracts or after wearing sunglasses for an extended period of time and during overcast, rainy periods (Rosenthal, 1993).

The common symptoms are depression, anxiety, extreme fatigue, hypersomnia, carbohydrate cravings, and weight gain. Women through the ages of 20 to 40, their sexually reproductive years, are most susceptible (Rosenthal, 1993). The first controlled study using light therapy to treat SAD was published in 1984. SAD was officially accepted as a clinical malady in 1987 by the American Psychiatric Association and described in its then current diagnostic manual, the DSM-III-R. Since that time, a great number of studies on the topic have been completed.

Animals are more sensitive to the seasons than humans, as they go through migration, mating, molting and hibernation. For instance, hamsters can sense the difference between a 12-hour day when their gonads don’t grow versus a 12-hour and 15 minute day when their gonads begin growth. It is thought that humans aren’t as sensitive as animals because humans originated in and around Africa where solar fluctuations are much more minimal than those near the Earth’s poles (Wright, 2002).

Tick-Tock Goes the Clock 

It must be understood that circadian timing has nothing to do with the sense of time lapsing
between events, nor the ability to notice differences in timing between two events, such as two
tone-bursts or other sensory stimulation. Stimulation from events initiates an attentional cortical
reset, which in turn synchronizes brain activity. More specifically, about 300 milliseconds later,
the brain generates an attentional spike known as the P300 response. This spike starts a timing 
loop, initiated in the substantia nigra, a part of the basal ganglia, which in turn sends a burst of the neurotransmitter dopamine to another part of the brain called the striatum. The striatum contains “spiny” cells, which oscillate at different frequencies. Over time, the differences or “beats” add up. When attention is once again initiated, the count is recorded, providing a “time stamp” for that interval, which higher levels of the brain then interpret into a sense of timing (Wright, 2002).



AVSJ '05 cover

Copyright: Dave Siever (2013) CA. Reprinted with permission. All rights reserved.



Part 4

By Don Estes – Founder and Director of InnerSense, Inc.



We call this Grand Unification of Real and Imaginary and express it as an equation or algorithm:


_ Square root of One = Real (Actual Reality) and,

_ Square root of Minus One = Imaginary (Potential Reality)

_ One = Unity

The meaning of this algorithm in English is “anything taken to the power of its own imagination results in unity and wholeness.”


All reality is composed of two polar opposites associated and resolved by a third partner. In human terms, this tri-unity is composed of a body and a spirit associated and resolved by mind.

Since the mind controls the body by paying attention to, or ignoring, the spirit’s direction, it is the predominant energy of consciousness. In order to perfect the body, the mind must transducer the guidance of spirit into physical reality. The only connection that mind has with the internal and external environments, is through the sensory mechanisms.

Therefore any investigation into or manipulation of consciousness must start with the senses. This is why mind machines are so important, and why mind will become the focus of more research into the art and science of transformation, as they are the essence of Sensory Resonance ™ devices. The transformative technologies researched, designed, developed and marketed by InnerSense, Inc. are all based upon these primary directives.

They are supported by the following unique and proprietary collection of intellectual properties, patented technologies and experienced know-how:

_ Unlimited access to a world-class supercomputer, which can go beyond phase analysis and allow entry into the realm of the automata. Having our own portal insures security and an unlimited possibility of future improvement. The Chronoldek™, as we call it, continuously monitors the Internet and reports on anything resonant to our work. Therefore, we can stay abreast of the latest developments in our field of expertise. The Chronoldek™ drives all of our processes, designs our products and develops our services.

_ Biometric Analysis of the Breath – Aspire™ Spectral Essence Evaluation™ – shows total available energy and its distribution across frequency, magnitude, phase, music notes/ octave, time, and personality (physical, mental and spiritual arrangement). In addition, it reveals how much energy is already ordered and held in reserve. Provided at on-site locations around the world or by Internet and phone consultation.

_ Natural Resonance Biofeedback: Harmonic Resolution™ – Combining Aspire™, Harmonic Resolution™ Feedback, Grand Unification™ of the R:I ratio, Personalized Music Therapy, Virtual Reality, Sensorium™ LSV Sensory Interface and the VibraSound® Multi- Sensory Resonance Vehicle. Lack of energy is almost never the issue. In most cases, there is an overabundance of attention in one area of someone’s life with a corresponding lack in another. To increase the energy can make the problem worse until the energy is appropriately distributed. Harmonic Resolution™ enhances what’s right and helps to redistribute the energy by resolving the R:I ratio via binaural phasing. It is basically a process of disassembly, rearrangement and reassembly. Provided at on-site locations around the world or at home/office on your own computer.

_ Scientific Alchemy: Old age alchemy combined with the latest supercomputing technology: Transformant8™ Allasso Concentrate – Algorithmically Transformed Water. Alchemy has finally come of age. Just as superstition has always been replace by a fuller understanding of science, alchemy has finally been pulled from the mystery of the ancients into the modern world through the science of automata and algorithm. Water can become the agent of its own transformation by resolving the difference between its actual and potential selves.

There is a difference between knowledge and experience. Transformant is experienced in the art of transformation to the next level. Consuming it provides all of the resources required for transformation and can enhance any substance or process that it is introduced into.

_ Public experience – InnerSense has designed, built and managed both therapeutic centers (AHA! Spa™), and location-based entertainment facilities (InnerSpace™ and Mind-Wave™) all over the world. The corporation has been in business since the early 80’s and has a wide range of experience, knowledge and wisdom regarding both the art and science of vibration.

_ Superior equipment sales and service: VibraSound® – Sensory Resonance Vehicles, Sound Tables, Sensory Interface Devices, Virtual Reality platforms, MindShips and No-Time Machines – State of the Art, multi-sensory biofeedback devices and furniture that allow the user to see, hear and feel video, music and sound.

_ Dedicated Support: Harmonic Law™ Publications – Books, charts, CDs, music, consultations, public education, workshops, expos and conferences.

The Portacle


Don Estes is a certified medical technologist, laboratory director and neuroscientist who has lectured worldwide on sensory science and vibrational medicine. He has appeared on CNN, NBC, ABC, Entertainment Tonight, Science Frontiers, and the Discovery Channel hits Beyond 2000 and Next Step, which won an Emmy award in 1994. In addition, his work has been featured in Wired, Computer Design, and Los Angeles Magazines and many other national and international media. He is also the author of many articles as well as a book called Harmonic Law: The Science of Vibration, which is illustrated by a large wall chart titled the Absolute Scale of Relative Cosmic Reality, one of the most complete compendiums of scientific and philosophical knowledge ever assembled.

He is founder and director of InnerSense, Inc. and inventor of VibraSound_ Sensory Resonance _ technologies used by both professional and nonprofessionals all over the world for music and sound therapy, relaxation, entertainment and expanded states of mind. His intellectual property is garnered from over thirty years experience in the unification of science, philosophy and religion and includes theories, proprietary knowledge and patents in the fields of light, color, sound, music and algorithmic automata. His unique combination of experience in both the hard and soft sciences represents the essence of true neuroscience.



Copyright: Don Estes for AVS Journal (2009) CA. All rights reserved.

AVS Journal Vol. 8, #1




Part 3

By Don Estes – Founder and Director of InnerSense, Inc. 



Waveforms have a triune nature like all other realities. They have a frequency, a phase and a magnitude (see diagram one). Frequency is merely the carrier wave, the component that establishes resonance between transmitter and receiver.

Frequency is the number of wave peaks per unit of time, phase is the relative spacing of the peaks and valleys and magnitude is the height of the wave. When you dial in 98.7 on the radio dial you do not hear that frequency. Rather you hear the phases and magnitudes of all the overtones riding on the carrier wave. In other words, the frequency determines resonance but the actual information is carried on the phases and magnitudes of the overtones. Phase also reveals the Cycle of Manifestation, which shows how intention manifests as a flow from thought through expression and action into materialization.

The Portacle

However, going beyond phase and magnitude closer to the origin of matter, there is an even deeper and more primal realm of reality that exists on the other side of the quantum veil. No one has seen what happens in this magical imaginary potential realm because is it too small to observe, but again, supercomputing technology can provide the answer by combining advanced understandings of engineering, digital signal processing and vibrational science.

Known in science as inverse or reciprocal space, the spectral imaginary domain or beyond the quantum veil, it is known by the general populace as the other side. A new science called Automata, details the nature and operation of this realm. Automata make up the underlying circuit board upon which the energies of life interact. Cellular Automata and Digital Physics are quickly becoming the next frontier in science. However, few realize that the ones and zeros are actually the real and imaginary. Research into Stochastic Automata will be the next be science directed at understanding how intention manifests in the real world.

We live on this side of the quantum veil in the time domain. Reality begins to manifest when consciousness reaches across the veil into the spectral domain with thought and intentionally combines automatous agents called automata into the complex frequencies that set out to manifest the intention. These agents of change exist as a dual pair that remains totally discreet on the other side. However, when they are combined by mind, they form the strings of matter that physicists now realize are woven together to create the membranes of life that we see all around us.

Engineers have been aware of this for years. They call these agents real and imaginary. These are perhaps bad designations as it makes it sound like one is not real. However, it is more real than the other as their imaginary world is in fact the potential that lies shrouded in the mystery of the future. The real component is that which already exists in the past and present as an actual material object, event or circumstance. In other words, all things exist as both actual and potential. These coefficients determine the shape of things and, through phase and magnitude, manage the width, height, and depth of material objects.

AVS Journal Vol. 8, #1

Engineers express the relationship between real and imaginary as a structure called the S Plane, where the x-horizontal is the real (cosine) plane and the y-vertical represents the imaginary (sine) wave coefficient. Any signal can be drawn in this manner where the imaginary defines the frequency and the real describes the amplitude envelope of the wave.

All human suffering stems from the difference between who a person says they are and who they really are…the polarity of their actual and potential. This difference eventuates a tension, which becomes a black hole that draws in any person, event or circumstance that is resonant enough to be of use in resolving the contrast. Integrating one’s actual and potential can quickly advance them to their next highest level.

One thing they forgot to tell us in Trigonometry is that the imaginary (potential) phase is carried by the sine wave component whereas the real (actual) phase is a property of the cosine wave. In more practical terms, the sinewave carries the part of the signal that comes from the machine. whereas the cosine carries the part that originates with the player/operator. Resolving the difference between these two driving forces results in unification and wholeness.

 Copyright: Don Estes for AVS Journal (2009) CA. All rights reserved.




Part 2

By Don Estes – Founder and Director of InnerSense, Inc.


The Portacle


It has long been known that the mind will reject entrainment once it has habituated to a nonchanging signal. Therefore, it is important for the entrainment signal to “lead” the mind by continuously changing throughout the program. This requires some way to monitor the user in some way so that their brainwaves can be known and coaxed into following an ever-changing signal. Thus, the next generation of LSV devices will include improved biometric monitoring of some type.

Biofeedback usually involves a signal (unrelated to the user) to warn or advise the attainment of some marker such as an “alpha” state. However, the optimal use of such information would be to drive a person at their own resonant frequencies, thus enhancing the harmony that they already possess. This alone could usher in the new healing paradigm spoken of previously.


Simple singular frequencies form into sine waves. All other wave shapes include overtones and form complex waveform with multiple frequencies (see diagram one). Light and sound devices, as well as other types of frequency generators, use a wide variety of waveforms.

Whereas sine waves produce pure fundamentals, square waves include the series of odd overtones, and triangular waves are composed of a series of even overtones. Each type of waveform has its advantages and limitations, but the most effective waveform would be the unique personal waveform of the user.

With most systems, biometric measurement is made with one device or technique and then chosen frequencies are dialed into a separate generator for feedback to the user with sine, square or triangular waveforms. Supercomputers can take the input, analyze the sample, remove the noise and dissonance, and feed back the harmonic content using the person’s own private waveform.

AVS Journal Vol. 8, #1


The modern industry of health biometrics really got its start with EEG measurements of brainwaves.

Other metabolic indicators followed including galvanic skin response, skin temp and sweat, EKG analysis of heartbeats and others. Recently, heart-rate variability (HRV), which provides a more accurate and simultaneous view of both the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems, has become popular. However, whereas the brain shows how one is thinking and the heart how one is feeling, the voice combines both into a singular expression of one’s manner of being and doing. It makes sense that the voice would best describe who a person is and what they want, since it is the mechanism given to them by the universe to say who they are and what they want.

However, it is the breath that actually produces the majority of frequencies that make up one’s voice. Breath is known in many cultures as the primal wave. It is the first and last cycles of life…the alpha and omega…the origin and destiny of the wave. The way one inhales and exhales reveals how they take in life and then put it back out again. Brainwaves, heartbeats, cerebral pulse and other cycles come afterward and represent the history of the bio-chronological wave. Biometric monitoring will become the focus of more research and lead to the one that gives the most complete view of a person’s state.

Copyright Don Estes for AVS Journal (2009) CA. All rights reserved.




Part 1

By Don Estes – Founder and Director of InnerSense, Inc. 

AVS Journal Vol. 8, #1Progress in the world of technology is incremental. There will never be a “golden” version of
any technology because knowledge and understanding will continue to evolve and expand.

They say that necessity is the mother of all invention, and it’s true that most development in the
light and sound field has revolved around enhanced benefits and features. However, the next
generation of LSV (light-sound-vibration) neurotechnology will be directed toward solving the
imitations of current technology in providing truly accurate, precise and lasting results.
The greatest weakness of modern vibrational technology is that it operates under the old allopathic
paradigm of finding what’s wrong and trying to fix it. You can lessen the symptoms, but
the problem will not go away until the cause is removed. For example, many feedback systems
look for and try to replace so-called “missing” frequencies. However, there is a reason why
they are missing. These are channels of communication that the person does not want to open,
and will therefore block any input coming in on those channels. To force them in is not only
stressful to them but also the therapist. On the other hand, driving someone with their own easily
accepted natural harmonic resonance forces a disassembly, rearrangement and reassembly of
their entire spectrum and will often cause the weak channels to open up. This is similar to the
way in which an opera singer can shatter a wineglass by driving it at its resonant frequency. Inanimate
objects do not have anyway to reorganize themselves after such an event. However,
human beings do it all the time. The old adage is that change either kills you or makes you
stronger. That’s just another way of saying that you either move to a higher state of order or
fall into chaos.

The new healing paradigm will rather focus on finding what’s right and enhancing it. Accordingly,
a new science is needed that describes how to find the true harmonic body of partials
within an individual and then enhance them. There is only so much space within, and as the innerspace
begins to fill up with good stuff (harmony), all the unwholesomeness (dissonance) has
to vacate. This would provide a much more efficient way of effecting true and lasting change.
In addition to being stuck in the old paradigm, there are other limitations existing within the
prevailing current technology:


Harmonic Law demands strict adherence to a set of rules that disallows noise and dissonance in
the analysis or feedback. All overtones being analyzed or used as a feedback signal must be
whole number ratios of a common fundamental. Human biometric measurements based on
metabolic indicators of nervous system status such as brain, heart and voice produce multiple
fundamental frequencies just like musical instruments. The fundamental frequency slides or
drifts around over time. Therefore, it is impossible to match them with the overtones they generate
because they are mixed in with those being generated by other fundamentals.

The only thing that can be done is to take a timed sample and then average the results, which
destroys the harmonic relations between partials. This method can determine a predominant
frequency, the one that has the most amplitude, but it is not the fundamental. It has some use,
but it’s influenced by vowel formants and doesn’t fully describe what is going on. When all of
the fundamentals and overtones are whole number ratios of each other it is possible to see the
full expression of a person’s harmonic body of partials.

The Portacle

Furthermore, the fundamental frequency of being human is something that we all share. It is
the essence of the things we have in common. Our differences, however, are coded within the
unique personal signature of our overtones. A piano and a violin can play the same fundamental
note, but they sound totally different because of the overtones produced by their distinct
resonant forms. Most current measurement systems deal only with the predominant frequency
so they cannot separate the harmony from the dissonance and cannot see the exclusive pattern
of a person’s overtone series. What is needed is a system that can analyze the whole number
ratio overtones of a common fundamental frequency.

Fortunately, this need can been met using modern supercomputing technology. One of the
problems deals with the accuracy of current digital frequency analyzers that count in (Hz.), or
cycles per second, a unit of that has become a world wide standard for the measurement of frequency.
Harmonic Law requires that the unit of measurement must be synchronous with the
digital sampling rate. In other words, the sampling rate must match the unit of measurement in
the first octave. For example, the sampling rate used to divide the signal must reduce down (by
multiple divisions of 2) to the number one in the first octave. This is because the unit of measurement
is one hertz or (one cycle per one second). However, digital sampling rates will not
reduce to one. 32,000 samples per second divided by 2 fifteen times gives .9765625 Hz. This
means that at the 1st octave, measurements made with this sampling rate are inaccurate to at
least .024 Hz. By 32K Hz. they are off by 720Hz.!

This magic number (.9765625 Hz.) is known as the Great Diesis. It represents a bridge between
the analog and digital worlds by being able to resolve time with frequency. Its reciprocal
(1.024 seconds) is a universal time code…the universal second. Together, these form a ratio of
125:128 that is known in music theory as the Pythagoras comma, a strange flaw in the otherwise
perfect theory of music that keeps any scale from accurately doubling between octaves
without some minor “tempering” to spread out the difference over the entire octave so it is not

Using the Great Diesis as a universal fundamental frequency allows the determination of whole
number ratio overtones. Unrelated overtones, noise and dissonance can be removed and discarded.
What remains is the true harmonic body of partials…the individual’s unique spectral
signature and harmonic code. With regard to time, the Great Diesis provides a universal standard…a cosmic second. A human

second is not based on any natural phenomenon. However the GD is based on the timing of
the sampling rate and requires that frequencies be measured in cycles per 1.024 seconds. Supercomputers
can be programmed to make this measurement on brain, heart or voice samples.
As an interesting side note, the Great Diesis is also the first octave of the so-called Schumann
resonance (7.8125 Hz. in the 3rd octave), and the resonant frequency in the king’s chamber of
the great pyramid (250 Hz. in the 8th octave). Furthermore, because the Great Diesis functions as a fundamental frequency, the overtones in

any one voice match the partials in everyone else’s. In other words, although the amplitudes
and phases of different frequencies will vary, the actual frequencies are the same for all voices.
This provides a means for more connection between therapists and clients and does not drain
the energy of the service provider with all of a client’s “bad energy”.


Copyright: Don Estes for AVS Journal (2009) Los Angeles, CA. All rights reserved.

Using Speakers with Your Mindmachine

Using Speakers with Your Mindmachine

By Michael Landgraf

In the Spring of 1990 I tried using my mind machine for help in going to sleep. Lots of brain chatter, became quite annoying, so I tried a delta / sleep session. I had no trouble going to sleep, but later I awoke to wires that gave new meaning to the term bed wrinkles. Forget the realization that I still had lightframes and headphones on, the wires were the culprits that woke me. I am a light sleeper and I do appreciate comfort as often as possible, but wearing lightframes and headphones while trying to go to sleep and remain asleep just was not conducive to my comfort zone. And that got me thinking…

Why not put aside the headphones and lightframes? Just connect a pair of computer speakers (like the ones pictured above) to the audio port of my mind machine? I did and it worked. It was a completely non-intrusive experience. Went to sleep, stayed asleep and when I woke up, the mind machine had automatically turned off. I must interject something here, and that is wearing headphones rather than using speakers placed in the corner of my bedroom would have been more effective, and wearing both headphones and lightframes would attain maximum results, but all I wanted was a good night’s sleep, with a little assistance from pulsed audio tones. And with the mind machine and speakers set across the room on a shelf, it was the ideal solution for me.So I began asking others if they had tried this approach. Most of the feedback was describing how one speaker must be placed on one side of the bed and the other directly across from the first. In such a way, the mind can interpret the two distinct channels of frequency, as with headphones.So for example, if Speaker 1 was generating an 8Hz frequency and Speaker 2 was generating a 9Hz frequency, then our minds, because we are situated between the speakers, can interpret the difference between the two frequencies: 1 Hz delta frequency for inducing sleep. One of the neat things about our minds is that they keep surprising us. Forget setting speakers on opposite walls, use small laptop or CD speakers placed next to your mind machine and the mind still hears that 1Hz offset.

Around this time, several of my customers were just starting families. Many tried using pulsed audio tones in their baby’s room to aid in creating a sleep routine. Other couples listened to the tones in their own bedroom. It was by no means a scientific endeavor. My intentions were to share my experience that pulsed audio tones via speakers can be used for achieving the delta state and if they thought it worked for them. They did.

Can pulsed audio sessions be used for entraining a roomful of people simultaneously? Yes. Sound-only applications were tested by psychologists in major law enforcement agencies, teachers and students, hospitals and rehabs, business professionals, retail outlets, even weightlifting. For people that are visually impaired or are photosensitive, sound-only stimulation has also proven to be beneficial. For more information about sound-only applications contact Michael Landgraf at: (818) 831-7931 or
Copyright: Michael Landgraf (2013) Granada Hills, CA. All rights reserved.



At, Gary Craig, EFT Founder, describes Emotional Freedom Techniques® (EFT) as “an emotional, needle free version of acupuncture that is based on new discoveries regarding the connection between your body’s subtle energies, your emotions, and your health. EFT has been reported successful in thousands of cases covering a huge range of emotional, health and performance issues.”

A few months ago David McLaughlin, owner of the NeuroLearning Center in Lomas de Chapultepes, Mexico, suggested I visit Gary Craig’s website and download the free EFT manual
and subscribe to EFT’s Insights newsletter, which is also free. After reading the manual and personally trying EFT, it was easy to understand David’s enthusiasm.

David began combining EFT with AVS, finding it a simple and direct method for overcoming personal issues and daily stressors. For the last three years David has utilized EFT / AVS at his NeuroLearning Center with a very high client success rate.

If you are interested in learning more about EFT, is the place to start. And to learn more about combining EFT with AVS mind machines, visit David McLaughlin’s website: